Overview of barrier gates
Barrier gates are a neat security device stunning with its simplicity. It is basically a metal box with a so-called arm sticking out of it. Well, yeah, there is more to it, but visually it is very minimalistic. Despite being a very popular means of perimeter security, barrier gates aren’t the most secure. They can only prevent vehicle traffic from coming in and out of your facility unauthorized. It has nothing to do with human access control as a person can quickly pass through this obstacle.
Barrier gates operate by pivoting their arms upward 90 degrees to let the traffic through. If your premises regularly experience a significant flow of vehicles, this type of gates will help you manage them. If installed at every entrance, barrier gates will ensure only authorized entry. The more advanced the construction is - the more enhanced control over the visitors you have.
Components of a basic barrier gate
There are various types of barrier gates (also known as boom barriers). However, the main parts of them are alike. All of the barrier gates consist of the three elements:
A barrier arm (pivoting to give access);
A gate operator (the mechanism enabling the gate to move);
The authorization method (some type of authentication a person presents to be granted access to the facility: intercom buttons, PIN codes, swipe cards, proximity devices).
These components make the barrier gate automatic. Otherwise, a visitor would need to get out of the vehicle and manually push the gate open. Without this automation, the barrier gate turns into a regular permanent blockage and loses its advantages.
Types of gates operators
The crucial part of the barrier gate is a gate operator. It makes it come alive and let traffic through. Gate operators are mechanical devices opening and closing the barrier arm. They come in two options:
Electromechanical gate operators require a power supply for movement. Sometimes they are equipped with a backup battery for added reliability. In case of power failure, it will allow them to work autonomously for a specified period ensuring security for your premises during an emergency situation. Mechanical gate operators include the screwed, the sliding, the barrier arm and automatic operators.
The hydraulic gate operator requires hydraulic fluids for movement. It is a more safe way to block entries as they don’t damage vehicles due to the anti-locking function. This type of operators is usually installed to manage the motion of more massive barrier gates.
Types of barrier gates
Although all the barrier gates might look the same, there is a difference regarding the operation. Based on the machinery, there exist:
Electromechanical barrier gates
This type is of great help when your facility daily experiences large traffic flows. Such automated barrier gates are durable and suit for such busy use. Electromechanical barriers are adjustable by length and suitable for customization.
Hydraulic barrier gates
Hydraulic type is much more powerful than the electromechanical one. It enables them to lift heavier barrier arms. Thus, if your facility requires a longer than usual boom, it is an option for you.
Manual barrier gates
Lastly, the least convenient of all boom barriers are manual ones. These are installed at the entrances with limited use not to cause users’ annoyance. However, the undoubtful plus here is they need no power supply to work.
Implementation & Benefits
Boom barriers usually guard entries to the office parking garages, residential and public buildings or mall parking places. They are also installed at toll booths and other traffic control areas. In other words, barrier gates prove themselves effective in the places of medium to heavy traffic. The main aim of such a barricade is to eliminate unauthorized vehicles access.
So, what benefits do you get with the installation of a barrier gate at your facility?
Enhanced traffic control
With the installation of the barrier gates, you’ll have control over the visitors’ coming in and out of your premises. In a case of a large vehicle flow, such a control point is paramount. Say no to hassle and traffic chaos. The vehicles flow will be handled automatically allowing them to drive in and out in an organized manner.
The first and foremost convenience, if you don’t have a manual barrier gate, of course, is the complete automation. There is no need to step out of the vehicle to swing it open - just present your credential, and the gate will let you through, closing itself after you passed it. It is also a matter of security.
As your entrance becomes automated, the security level increases. No unauthorized entry allowed - only approved people and vehicles. If you integrate your electric barrier gate with other security systems, you’ll gain access to more detailed data, such as the information on who entered or exited your facility and when. Moreover, it is a 24/7 protection - forget about the unwanted visitors.
Finally, due to all the above features, having a barrier gate means having access control. Your facility is secure (no unauthorized entry), easy to manage and able to track all the visitors.